Parkinson’s Disease or Parkinsonism

Patients with Parkinson’s Disease or Parkinsonism have characteristic symptoms of slowed movements, rigidity and a resting tremor. A major part of the pathology of Parkinson’s is a decreased ability to produce the neurotransmitter dopamine that is critical for normal movement. Medication treatment for this disorder includes strategies to increase the availability of dopamine in the brain or stimulate the brain dopamine receptors. Examples of some of medications are Sinemet, Mirapex, Requip, Azilect and soon to be many others used alone or in combinations specific for each person.

The absolute most important aspect of treatment for each person is a diversified and challenging exercise program that will be expanded upon in our web site ( link). Further supportive therapy with physical therapy, speech therapists and support groups are very helpful and we have worked to establish groups and therapists specific for Parkinson’s patients at any stage of the condition. In some cases, surgical therapy such as Deep Brain Stimulation, may be helpful.

Yoga has also been found to be helpful for patients with Parkinson's.  PSN has produced a yoga video for individuals with movement disorders that teaches poses, meditation and deep breathing.  The video also features Dr. Hogan and Joan Hogan RD, and Yoga instructor Patrick Hogan IV.  The video can be purchased in office or online at

Doctor and patient Photo